Definitions

One of the important things a person need to know when picking out a monitor is the specifications on it. The only problem is that most people do not fully understand what each of those specifications mean. Here is a list of specification you should mainly see and a description on what it has to do with the monitor you are interested in buying.

Monitor Size – This is the length of screen from one corner to the other diagonally. This means if you take a ruler from the top right edge of your monitor screen to the bottom left, that will be the size of the monitor.

Monitor Type – This is the panel that is used to output the images to the screen. The most common types are IPS, TN, VA, and PLS.

Response Time – This is the rate at which the monitor will switch between colors on the screen changing the image. This is measured in milliseconds (ms). This is important because slow response times tend to have ghosting/blurring problems.

Contrast Ratio – This is the amount of luminance from the brightest color (white) to the darkest color ( black) that the monitor is able to achieve. There is no standard way of measure this stat so you can see companies vary their ratios greatly yet the picture quality can be almost exact.

Luminance – This is the intensity of the light being displayed from the monitor. The higher the luminance will equate to a brighter display.

Resolution – This is the number of unique pixels that can be displayed. It is usually noted as height x width, for example 1920 x 1080. The higher the numbers on a monitor means it will have more pixels allowing more detail.

Color Gamut – This is the amount of color a panel can display. Most monitors have a sRGB system so they are unable to display 100% of all colors. This means that the better the color gamut then the more color a monitor is able to display.

Viewing Angles – This is the angle at which you are able to view a monitor without there being any color change. This measurement is displayed in degrees, so you can look at a monitor at a certain angles from the top/bottom or sides and will be able to see the same color quality until you have hit that degree. Manufactures tend to overstate this measurement so it is good to note that IPS panels on average have the best viewing angles you can buy.

Interface – This will typically be a list of all the different types of connections the monitor is capable of. An example would be that HDMI means it has an HDMI port you can hook up to the monitor.


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